pregnancy

زمن الماضي التام Past Perfect


Past Perfect
زمن الماضى التام
FORM : had + past participle]
تكوينه: يتكون من had + past participle
لاحظ الجدول التالى جيدا : 

استخدامات الزمن : 
- يستخدم زمن الماضى التام للتعبير عن فعل حدث و انتهى قبل فعل (حدث) آخر فى الزمن الماضى 
ماضى بسيط(الثانى) , ماضى تام( الأول)After, As soon as 
أو: 
ماضى تام( الأول)، ماضى بسيط(الثانى)  ( Before, By the time , When )

·  Ali had eaten breakfast ( before, by the time , when ) he went to school . 
· Before, By the time , When ) Ali went to school, he had eaten breakfast.
·  They came to the station ( after, as soon as , as ) the train had left.
· After, As soon as , As ) the train had left , they came to the station.


(didn't + Inf.) ماضى تام till /until ماضى بسيط منفى
·  He didn't sleep until he had finished his homework.
·  We didn't go to the exam until we had studied. 

النفى : ينفى الماضى التام بوضع not  بعد الفعل المساعد had  كما هو موضح . 
You had not studied English before you moved to New York. 
الاستفهام: يكون عن طريق وضع الفعل المساعد had  فى أول الجملة قبل الفاعل 

Had you studied English before you moved to New York?

The Past Perfect Tense in the Passive .
زمن الماضى التام فى المبنى للمجهول .
عند تحويل زمن الماضى التام للمبنى للمجهول نتبع القاعدة التالية :
Object المفعول +had + been + P.P
·  Active : He had repaired many cars. 
·  Passive: Many cars had been repaired by him.
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